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US Inspection Program

Untitled Document North American Standard Inspection Program
Information gathered from brochure presented by FMCSA and CVSA

The North American Standard (NAS) Inspection program was developed to focus commercial vehicle roadside inspection efforts on vehicle and driver safety requirements most often associated with commercial motor vehicle crashes. This program is designed to improve commercial motor vehicle safety and promote uniformity in compliance and enforcement, while minimizing duplication of inspection efforts and unnecessary operating delays for the motor carrier industry.

The North American Standard Inspection program results in approximately 2,000,000 commercial vehicle roadside inspections annually primarily conducted
by State enforcement agencies. The inspection results are centralized in a Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration database and used to identify motor carriers presenting
a high degree of risk to the motoring public.

This article is intended to inform you of the types of inspections conducted, what is reviewed of compliance, and the operational benefits of "passing" an inspection.
Improving your awareness is important for your safety and economic well-being.

Who Conducts North American Standard Inspections?

North American Standard Inspections are conducted by highly qualified and trained state and provincial law enforcement personnel.

What are the Levels of NAS inspections?

There are five different inspection levels:

Level I - North American Standard Inspection
Level II - Walk-Around driver/ vehicle inspection
Level III - Driver-only inspection
Level IV - Special inspections
Level V - Vehicle-only Inspection

What is the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA)?

The CVSA is an organization of Federal, State, and Provincial government agencies and representatives from private industry in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico
dedicated to improving commercial vehicle safety.

How Does Enforcement Avoid Unnecessary Duplicate Inspections?

State enforcement agencies cooperatively minimize unnecessary duplicate inspections by issuing a CVSA decal. The CVSA decal is used to identify vehicles
that have recently "passed" an inspection, so that inspectors can give more attention to vehicles not yet inspected.

Vehicles displaying a valid CVSA decal (current to within 3 months) are generally not subject to re inspection unless there is a observed violation or defect.
If re inspection discloses violations of the North American Standard Inspection Standards, any valid decal is removed unless the vehicle is repaired at the scene.

How Do You Qualify for a CVSA Decal?

A commercial vehicle may qualify for a CVSA decal if it "passes" inspection. "Passes" inspection means that during a Level I or V inspection, no defects are
found of critical inspection items listed in the Minimum Federal Periodic Inspection Standards(See Chart for inspection items and decal qualification). Defects that are noted during a Level I or Level V inspection that are not critical inspection items shall not affect "Pass Inspection" or decal qualification.


Inspection Quarters and Colors


Jan, Feb, Mar = Green
Apr, May, Jun = Yellow
Jul, Aug, Sept = Orange
Oct, Nov, Dec = White


Inspection Items and Levels

Level I
Level II
Level III
Level IV
Level IV
Drivers License
x
x
x
.
.
Medical Examiner's Certificate
x
x
x
.
.
Alcohol and Drugs
x
x
x
.
.
Drivers Log
x
x
x
.
.
Seatbelt System
x
x
x
.
x
Periodic Inspection Documentation
x
x
x
.
x
Brake System
x
x
.
.
x
Coupling Devices
x
x
.
.
x
Exhaust System
x
x
.
.
x
Frame
x
x
.
.
x
Fuel System
x
x
.
.
x
Brake, Lamps, Signals
x
x
.
.
x
Safe loading Cargo
x
x
.
.
x
Steering Mechanism
x
x
.
.
x
Suspension
x
x
.
.
x
Tires
x
x
.
.
x
Wheels, Rims, Hubs
x
x
.
.
x
Van and open top bodies
x
x
.
.
x
Windshield wipers
x
x
.
.
x
Emergency Exits
x
x
.
.
x
Hazardous materials requirements
x
x
x
.
x
Special Inspection . . .
x
.
CVSA decal for passed inspection
x
. . .
x

* Level II inspections only include those items that can be inspected without physically getting under the vehicle
** Level V inspections are conducted without a driver present

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